Mandalay

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Mandalay



Mandalay is known not only for its’ rich traditional, cultural and spiritual splendor but also exquisite handicraft such as hand-woven embroidery in silk and cotton, the incredible process of making gold leaves, wood and stone carving and bronze casting etc.It is Myanmar's second largest city and was the royal capital of the last monarchy of Myanmar.

It enjoys the splendor of the golden age and still has great importance as a cultural center. The city was completely damaged in the fierce fighting of World War II, including the royal palace, which has been reconstructed. Mandalay is now with a population of approximately one million. The largest repository of Myanmar arts and crafts can be found in Mandalay. There are several ancient capitals around Mandalay such as Amapura, Sagaing, Ava and Mingun.

Some Highlights:
Mandalay Hill

mandalay-hillMandalay Hill, 230 metres in elevation, commands a magnificent view of the city and surrounding countryside. The legend has it that the Buddha, on his visit had made a prophecy that a great city would be founded at the foot of this hill.

 

 

Mandalay Palace

mandalay-palaceThe grand palace complex was reduced to ashes during World War II. Majestic palace walls, city gates superimposed by pavilions and the surrounding moat are standing evidences showing how grand was the former palace. Myanansankyaw Golden Palace, a replica of the old palace, Nanmyint-saung, Cultural Museum can be seen within the perimeter of the palace.


Shwenandaw Monastery

This monastery is famous for its intricate woodcarvings and is reminiscent of old Mandalay Palace. In reality, the monastery was first located within the precinct of Mandalay palace. It was reconstructed at the present site in 1880 under the orders of King Thibaw.

Mahamuni Pagoda

maharmyatmuni-pagodaMahamuni Pagoda is revered as the holiest shrine in Mandalay. The Image brought from Rakhine State is being housed there. The devotes crowd there to watch early morning ritual of washing the face of the Buddha Image.

 

 

Kuthodaw Pagoda

Kuthodaw Pagoda was built by King Mindon in 1857. The shrine is surrounded by 729 upright stone slabs bearing the entire Buddhist scriptures. It is popularly known as " The world's Biggest Book " for its stone scriptures.

Amarapura

Situated about 11 km south of Mandalay, Amarapura is an ancient capital of the Konbaung Dynasty. Founded by King Bodawpaya in 1783 as his new capital. Amarapura means City of Immortality. Places of interest include the Patodawgyi Pagoda, silk and cotton weaving workshops and U Bein, the world’s longest Teakwood Bridge (1208 meters long). Another of Amarapura’s treasures is Maha Gandayon Monastery with more than 1000 monks.
Sagaing

sagaingSituated about 21km south-west of Mandalay on the west bank of the Ayeyarwady River. Sagaing became the capital of an independent Shan kingdom around 1315 after the fall of Bagan. The Sagaing Hills is an important religious center and known as a meditation centre with some 600 Buddhist pagodas, temples and monasteries. Myanmars all over the country would visit Sagaing for the purpose of religious retreat. Nearby is Ywataung Village known for its silver craftsmen.

Inwa ( Ava)

inwaInwa, Located across Myitnge River about 20 kilometers southwest of Mandalay is the capital of Burmese Kingdom for nearly 400 years. Cross the river on a ferry and ride around the sites of Inwa in a horse-drawn pony cart is memeorable.All the major buildings, which were not destroyed during the earthquake of 1838, had been transferred first to Amarapura and then to Mandalay however the 88 feet high watchtower known as the “leaning tower of Ava” and Bargaya teak monastery which is famous for its teak pillars amounting to 267 in total are still to be seen.
Mingun

mingunMingun is 11 km upriver from Mandalay on the western bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Mingun today hosts the world second largest ringing Bell of 90 tons in weight and unfinished Mingun payagyi. It was dedicated to be the world largest monument however which today stood to be the world largest pile of brick. It is reached by ferryboats across the river and takes 1 hour for up-river and 40 minutes for down-river. A boat trip to Mingun is pleasant with plenty of life on the river to see.

 
Pyin Oo Lwin

pyinoolwinPyin Oo Lwin is located at 69 km (1 1/2 hours drive) east of Mandalay and having over 1,100 metres above sea level. It has a pleasant and cool weather the whole year round. It is best known as Maymyo, a former British colonial summer retreat. The famous Candacraig Hotel, the Botanical gardens and the Pyin Oo Lwin Market are popular sites. A ride on a horse-drawn stagecoach through the town is interesting. Excursions to Pwe Kauk Falls, Peik Chin Myaung Cave is essential. in nearby Pyin Oo Lwin.

 
Monywa

moywaMonywa, about 140 km to the west of Mandalay is a commercial centre of the Chindwin Valley., Monywa is known a typical unspolit Myanmar town and it is only a three hours drive from Mandalay. On the way to Monywa and before you reach the town there is unusual Buddhist temple complex on 37 acres of land called Mohnyin Thanboddhay. Monywa also famous for its Po Win Taung ( Mt. Po Win ), Mt. Shwe Ba where the entire mountain was carved into caves, niches, staircases and Buddha Images.

 

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